Indoor Air Quality Studies and Pilot Test of alternative Stoves

In Ethiopia, large proportion of the population depends on the traditional biomass (e.g., Fuelwood, charcoal and dung) to meet their energy needs. In common with most population in rural Ethiopia, refugees also rely on firewood for household energy consumption which has been shown to produce soot, smoke and other products of incomplete combustion that contribute to a myriad of health issues. Gaia Association has conducted several studies in refugee camps and Addis Ababa households collecting indoor air pollution level under the guidance of University of California.Berkeleys Center for Entrepreneurship in International Health and Development (CEIHD). The purpose of these studies was to test the impact of the indoor air pollutions related to the burning of solid biomass fuels and kerosene for cooking and compare with the IAP level of CleanCook stoves of the sample participating households.

IAP studies have been made in Bonga, Kebribeyah, Addis Ababa, and other refugee camps. The IAP studies include particulate matter and carbon monoxide concentration of the households. Results of the studies approved a very significant reduction of indoor air pollution when using CleanCook stove than the traditional stoves. Hence households using CleanCook stoves have low health issues related to indoor air pollutions.