1. Safe and Clean Energy Provision Project – Eastern Refugee Assistance Program

    Gaia has been introducing ethanol as a household fuel which then replaces existing traditional household fuels and imported expensive fuels.

    Together with the Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); Gaia Association has been implementing refugee household energy program in Kebribeyah, Awbere and Sheder refugee camps of Eastern Ethiopia since 2005 with refugees from Somalia. Over 6,500ethanol stoves have been distributed in these camps. Gaia targeted to address refugees cooking energy demand through the provision of fuel-efficient devices & alternative energy sources and contributed to the enhancement of refugees’ protection, and to relieve women from the tedious task of firewood collection and risk of Gender-based violence (GBV).The project has played a major goal in reduction of deforestation while also improving indoor air quality.

    Gaia is now working to expand its project areas to Shire, Assosa, Gambella and also to other refugee camps.

  2. Demonstrating the Feasibility of Locally Produced Ethanol for Household Cooking from Waste in Addis Ababa
    Gaia Association contributes to poverty reduction and climate mitigation by enabling access to clean, safe, renewable and locally produced household cooking fuels to displace the traditional use of biomass for cooking in Ethiopian communities.

    With this objective Gaia Association introduced a technology to produce ethanol in micro scale and launched the Addis Ababa Ethanol Micro Distillery (EMD) project after establishing partnership with Project Gaia Inc (PGI), Stockholm Environmental Institute (SEI) and The World Bank for the end use of Former Women Fuelwood Carriers Association (FWFCA).

    The project targets to install 1000 lit/day ethanol producing distillery plant at Akaki Kality sub city of Addis Ababa to supply ethanol and distribute ethanol fuelled cooking stoves to 1000 low and middle income households at the outskirts of Addis Ababa by establishing a community owned and run EMD.

    Members of the Former Women Fuelwood Carrier Association will own and run the Ethanol Micro Distillery to generate income.

  3. Holistic Feasibility Study of A National Scale-Up Program Regarding  Ethanol Stoves and Micro Distilleries
    Gaia Association conducted feasibility study entitled “Holistic Feasibility study of national scale up program regarding ethanol stoves and micro distilleries” which investigated the feasibility of an up scaling plan for ethanol micro distilleries as a small business and potential of ethanol as cooking fuel nationwide.
    The study has the following out comes

    • A production analysis and assessment of the potential feedstock’s for ethanol production in the country, a statement of where the feedstock is least or preferably not controversial in the food vs fuel debate,
    • Economic analysis regarding  financial viability, Value for Money (VfM), purchasing power and willingness to pay for the product and the economical sustainability of an ethanol project in the selected regions including market assessment.
    • Technological assessment on the national ability for manufacturing of stoves and ethanol micro distilleries, availability of land, materials for production and local capacity for construction.
    • A policy analysis on the current bottlenecks and unused opportunities that should be corrected or used to the energy markets benefit. The analysis compiles recommendations for the national agencies to implement, in order to reach the CRGE policy goals.

    The whole study involves WoWIE and MEPF in the execution process and finally produced a report stating the gaps to be filled in both policy and capacity and disseminated to key stakeholders including Government, private sector and non-governmental development partners and the media

  4. Laboratory Stove Tests
    Gaia Association for its high need to promote ethanol stoves all over the country, has established a laboratory to conduct different type of ethanol stove tests

    ICES stoves by International Clean Energy Solutions Inc. and Star stoves designed by Dometic have been conducted in the Gaia office lab. and the National Energy Laboratory administered by Ministry of Water Irrigation and Energy. The stoves differ in size and design. Different types of stove tests have been conducted to determine the efficiency, heat power, fuel consumption of the stoves and field performance tests.

    Solar Cooker Tests:
    To broaden the options of clean household energy, Gaia Association has also introduced parabolic solar cookers and conducted a pilot study at Kebribeyah and Awbere refugee camps to access the appropriates of the solar cookers as supplementary stoves for refugee households.

  5. Indoor Air Quality Studies and Pilot Test of alternative Stoves
    In Ethiopia, large proportion of the population depends on the traditional biomass (e.g., Fuelwood, charcoal and dung) to meet their energy needs. In common with most population in rural Ethiopia, refugees also rely on firewood for household energy consumption which has been shown to produce soot, smoke and other products of incomplete combustion that contribute to a myriad of health issues. Gaia Association has conducted several studies in refugee camps and Addis Ababa households collecting indoor air pollution level under the guidance of University of California.Berkeleys Center for Entrepreneurship in International Health and Development (CEIHD). The purpose of these studies was to test the impact of the indoor air pollutions related to the burning of solid biomass fuels and kerosene for cooking and compare with the IAP level of CleanCook stoves of the sample participating households.

    IAP studies have been made in Bonga, Kebribeyah, Addis Ababa, and other refugee camps. The IAP studies include particulate matter and carbon monoxide concentration of the households. Results of the studies approved a very significant reduction of indoor air pollution when using CleanCook stove than the traditional stoves. Hence households using CleanCook stoves have low health issues related to indoor air pollutions.

  6. Stove Commercialization
    In order to expand its project goals in Addis Ababa city and beyond; Gaia Association had made efforts to produce ethanol stove locally and commercialization incorporating with different partners.

    Gaia provided financial and technical support to Makobu enterprise to establish local stove manufacturing plant and commercialize ethanol stoves in Ethiopian Market. However, the commercialization was highly challenged due to a number of reasons.

    Gaia Association also made partnership with Former Women Fuel wood Carrier Association (FWFCA) to commercialize 200 stoves in low income member households of FWFCA with the support of USEPA.

    Promotions of ethanol stoves through different exhibitions in Addis Ababa market has made and witnessed the high demand of the stove.
    Gaia Association is now working on identifying possible partners for commercialization of CleanCook stove to provide technical support and produce the ethanol cook stove locally.